Nov 06, 2018

Take off

 

The history of aviation can’t stand on its own without a mention of the Wright Brothers. 

 

While glider flights existed at the time and other inventors were also working on blueprints for an aircraft, it was Orville and Wilbur Wright who elevated the game to the next level.

 

As with every great invention, failure was key. It took a long time before the inventors saw any success. This paid off in late 1903, when the Wright brothers’ aircraft test (in front of five witnesses) took off, lasting 12 seconds and covering 120 feet!

 

The era of modern aviation truly took off then. 

 

That same day, December 17, 1903, three more tests took place, with the two brothers constantly exchanging places. The final flight by Wilbur saw the plane cover a mammoth 852 feet in 59 seconds.

 

The brothers wisely kept their success on the down-low so that they could collect patents and contracts. Three years down the line, the Wright Brothers went to France and officially announced the launch of their successful flying machines… and the first-ever public flights. 

 

A new era would begin during World War I which saw huge advancement in aviation driven by demand. The War saw diverse requirements for aeroplanes of different kinds. World War II saw even further advancement and expansion into commercial flights as well. (Japan was the world leader in this field at the time.)

 

But during this new era, the single greatest step forward in aviation was the introduction of the turbine-powered engine. It marked a major evolution in the aeroplane form, as the original Wright Brothers invention was powered by propellers or jets. This is also partly because of the strict patents the Wright Brothers field in the early years, protecting their style of aviation. In a way, this restriction drove aviation to a whole new level through turbines!

 

The next major step in the industry was cabin pressurization. This ensured that aeroplanes could safely ascend to far higher altitudes while maintaining temperatures and pressures within the plane to suit passenger comfort.

 

The 5 Largest Commercial Aircraft in the World:

 

 

Aviation has drastically evolved through the years, improving in every aspect possible. Here are the five largest commercial aircraft that operate on a daily basis:

 

1) Airbus A380-800: Capacity: 853 passengers 

 

2) Boeing 747-8:Capacity: 700 passengers

 

3) Boeing 747-400:Capacity: 624 passengers

 

4) Boeing 777-300:Capacity: 550 passengers

 

5) Boeing 777-200:Capacity: 440 passengers

 

 

6 Interesting Aviation Facts:

 

 

i) The oxygen in an aeroplane’s emergency oxygen mask lasts for about 15 minutes.

 

ii) English is the compulsory international language of flights. Any pilot who flies internationally is required to speak it.

 

iii) One window frame of a Boeing 747-400 costs around the same as a BMW.

 

iv) Harriet Quimby was the first woman in the USA to get a license to fly a plane, and Amelia Earheart was the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean. 

 

v) The aviation industry generates an estimated revenue of $640 billion annually, worldwide.

 

vi) While many people fear plane crashes, the chances of dying in one are 1 in 11 million, while the chances of being killed in a car accident are 1 in 5,000!

 

vii) Safety is constantly being improved. 2017 was, reportedly, the first year in aviation history without a single death due to aeroplane crashes! 

 

 

The aviation industry is a global marvel that only continues to grow. It’s been a major flightforward in so many ways, primarily the way humans understand and relate to the world around them. Increasingly affordable flights connect us to the world around us. 

 

 

The next big step for the aviation industry is to invent or innovate sustainable, environment-friendly methods to fly.

 

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